Erasmus Mundus is a cooperation and mobility program in the field of higher education aiming to: enhance the quality of European higher education; promote the European Union as a centre of excellence in learning around the world; promote intercultural understanding through cooperation with third countries as well as for the development of third countries in the field of higher education.
Erasmus Mundus provides a response to the challenges of globalization faced by European higher education today, in particular the need to adapt education systems to the demands of the knowledge society, to enhance the attractiveness and visibility of European higher education worldwide and to stimulate the process of convergence of degree structures across Europe.
In addition it provides an important vehicle for the promotion or intercultural dialogue between the European Union and the rest of the world. The program continues and extends the scope of the activities already launched during its first phase (2004-2008) and includes the Erasmus Mundus External Cooperation Window scheme, which was launched in 2006 as a complement to the original program.
The decision establishing the second phase of the Erasmus Mundus Programme was adopted by the European Parliament and Council on 16.12.2008 (Decision No 1298/2008/EC).1 The program covers the period 2009-2013. The Commission has entrusted the implementation of the Erasmus Mundus Program 2009-2013 to the Education, Culture and Audiovisual Executive Agency (hereinafter “the Agency” or “EACEA”). As a result, the Agency is responsible for the management of this program – including drawing up Calls for Proposals, selecting projects and signing project agreements, financial management, monitoring of projects (assessment of intermediate and final reports), communication with beneficiaries and on-the-spot controls – under the supervision of the Directorate-General for Education and Culture (DG EAC).